Behavior and health

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Behavior and health

1. Current Status
The economic development has changed the environment and the space that people live in, which makes behavior become the crucial factor for people’s health. According to the report of WHO, 59% of the 5,700 million global death toll and half of the diseases resulting in death are caused by non-infectious and chronic diseases, which are related to behavioral factors such as smoking, hard-drinking and obesity. Western countries have been developing extensive behavioral health research since 1980s. Now they have gained great progress in theory, research method and intervention method of behavioral health, which takes a positive effect on prevention and control of infectious, non-infectious and injury events. By conducting sustainable behavioral health intervention projects, the incidence rate of heart disease in USA and Finland drops by 50%, and that of lung cancer in Australia demonstrates a declining trend. Although ideas like disease prevention and health promotion are generally being recognized by government, organization, community population, there is still a long way to promote and maintain healthy behavior due to the extensive existence of unhealthy behavior and life style. As the current analyzed data shows, the forming and eliminating of a behavior is a complex project, which is affected by natural environment, social environment, cognitive environment, individual characteristics and habits. In conclusion, how to lead people’s health to a virtuous cycle and maintain the health in long-term development are great challenges we face, and it is also a hot issue which has been concerned all over the world.


2. Achievements
2.1 Behavioral intervention research among young adolescents
The technology, experience and methods of transformational shift of intervention project have been formed based on a practical and high-effective intervention scheme. Now they have been transformed to developing countries with lower-middle-income. Social Behavior Analysis Method and Probabilistic Discrete Event System Model have been ground-breaking proposed, and the method of extracting vertical information by cross-sectional survey has been established. 
2.2 Behavioral intervention research on AIDS
A set of prevention intervention strategy of risk behaviors related to AIDS has been established in Bahamas, by applying the quantum change theory and chaos spire model to analyze the unprotected behavior law among young adolescents. The results of strategy have been evaluated by advanced theory model, and it has been proved that the intervention mode has a sustainable effect on cognition of AIDS and the forming of healthy behavior. The risk factors of infecting HIV among migration population in Hubei province have been studied. A complex study on the relationship among the disrepute of migration population, drain on social assets and unprotected behaviors has been conducted, which provides a significant basis for behavioral intervention of AIDS prevention.


3. Content and Interests
3.1 Tobacco control research
Based on the existing research achievement, we should extend the study population, analyze the rural and urban population of middle and old age, and analyze the social and psychological factors of smoking behavior of other special and susceptible population. In the meantime, a gene-environment interaction effect study is to be carried out in order to explore how gene and environment factors affect the forming of smoking behavior. Appropriate statistics theory will be used to evaluate and predict the development and change law of smoking behavior among different populations, so as to explore the practical and high-effective methods directing to different populations.
3.2 Behavioral intervention research on AIDS
Confirm the existing problems in AIDS prevention and therapy among migrating population by studying the relationship between migrating population and AIDS. Analyze the factors that matter and the root cause, and confirm its mechanism of action, so as to set up AIDS prevention and cure system for migrating population. From the benefit and need of migrating population, we should systematically analyze the practical and feasible prevention and control strategies aiming at migrating population and subgroups during the migration. There is also another issue on how to take full advantage of social resources and mobilize the initiative of related departments, in order to reduce the susceptibility and risk of infecting HIV among migrating population.
Based on the unprotected behavior intervention research related to AIDS among young adolescents, we will focus on MSM (men who have sex with men) groups, to analyze their psychological and social factors to find out effective intervention methods for young MSM groups.


4. Features
The following research features are formed by taking full advantages of comprehensive disciplines in Wuhan University:
Intervention research is conducted under the psychological behavior theory. Healthy behavior forming theory, from the perspective of social psychology, plays a very important role in prediction, prevention and intervention of healthy behavior. The theory aims to set up an effective, economical and practical mode of prevention and control the AIDS based on the behavior theory and behavior development change law.
Group behavior and its intervention strategy are studied from the perspective of multi-culture and comparison theory. Analysis of different smoking groups should be conducted based on various disciplines including psychology, sociology, public health, demography and economics according to the groups’ characteristics.


5. Goals
5.1 To set up a practical and effective AIDS behavior intervention mode for high-risk groups among migrating population in China based on health promotion theory and other related theories.
5.2 To set up a tobacco control system for high-risk groups including young adolescents and old aged population in lower-middle-income countries. Research methods, effective intervention strategy and scientific measurement should be contained. It is also expected to provide data and theory support for establishing public health and health care policies.
5.3 1 to 3 national researches are expected to be undertaken. 3 to 5 SCI/SSCI papers are expected to be published. In this way, the Behavior and Health Lab is eligible to be one of the most influential labs of its kind.

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